Roll your own Security
Challenges covered in this chapter
|Behave like any "white hat" should.|
|Submit 10 or more customer feedbacks within 10 seconds.|
|Find the hidden easter egg.|
|Successfully redeem an expired campaign coupon code.|
|Access a developer's forgotten backup file.|
|Access a misplaced SIEM signature file.|
|Wherever you go, there you are.|
- When you work with the application you will most likely solve this challenge in the process
- Any automated crawling or spidering tool you use might solve this challenge for you
- There is no real hacking involved here
Behave like any "white hat" should
The term "white hat" in Internet slang refers to an ethical computer hacker, or a computer security expert, who specializes in penetration testing and in other testing methodologies to ensure the security of an organization's information systems. Ethical hacking is a term meant to imply a broader category than just penetration testing. Contrasted with black hat, a malicious hacker, the name comes from Western films, where heroic and antagonistic cowboys might traditionally wear a white and a black hat respectively.
- This challenge asks you to act like an ethical hacker
- As one of the good guys, would you just start attacking an application without consent of the owner?
- You also might want to ready the security policy or any bug bounty program that is in place
Submit 10 or more customer feedbacks within 10 seconds
The Contact Us form for customer feedback contains a CAPTCHA to protect it from being abused through scripting. This challenge is about beating this automation protection.
A completely automated public Turing test to tell computers and humans apart, or CAPTCHA, is a program that allows you to distinguish between humans and computers. First widely used by Alta Vista to prevent automated search submissions, CAPTCHAs are particularly effective in stopping any kind of automated abuse, including brute-force attacks. They work by presenting some test that is easy for humans to pass but difficult for computers to pass; therefore, they can conclude with some certainty whether there is a human on the other end.
For a CAPTCHA to be effective, humans must be able to answer the test correctly as close to 100 percent of the time as possible. Computers must fail as close to 100 percent of the time as possible.5
- You could prepare 10 browser tabs, solving every CAPTCHA and filling out the each feedback form. Then you'd need to very quickly switch through the tabs and submit the forms in under 10 seconds total.
- Should the Juice Shop ever decide to change the challenge into "Submit 100 or more customer feedbacks within 60 seconds" or worse, you'd probably have a hard time keeping up with any tab-switching approach.
- Investigate closely how the CAPTCHA mechanism works and try to find either a bypass or some automated way of solving it dynamically.
- Wrap this into a script (in whatever programming language you prefer) that repeats this 10 times.
Find the hidden easter egg
An Easter egg is an intentional inside joke, hidden message, or feature in an interactive work such as a computer program, video game or DVD menu screen. The name is used to evoke the idea of a traditional Easter egg hunt.1
- If you solved one of the other four file access challenges, you already know where the easter egg is located
- Simply reuse the trick that already worked for the files above
When you open the easter egg file, you might be a little disappointed, as the developers taunt you about not having found the real easter egg! Of course finding that is a follow-up challenge to this one.
Successfully redeem an expired campaign coupon code
Access a developer's forgotten backup file
During an emergency incident and the hotfix that followed, a developer accidentally pasted an application configuration file into the wrong place. Downloading this file will not only solve the Access a developer's forgotten backup file challenge but might also prove crucial in several other challenges later on.
- Analyze and tamper with links in the application that deliver a file directly.
- The file is not directly accessible because a security mechanism prevents access to it.
- You need to trick the security mechanism into thinking that the file has a valid file type.
- For this challenge there is only one approach to pull this trick.
Access a misplaced SIEM signature file.
Security information and event management (SIEM) technology supports threat detection and security incident response through the real-time collection and historical analysis of security events from a wide variety of event and contextual data sources. It also supports compliance reporting and incident investigation through analysis of historical data from these sources. The core capabilities of SIEM technology are a broad scope of event collection and the ability to correlate and analyze events across disparate sources.2
The misplaced signature file is actually a rule file for Sigma, a generic signature format for SIEM systems:
Sigma is a generic and open signature format that allows you to describe relevant log events in a straight forward manner. The rule format is very flexible, easy to write and applicable to any type of log file. The main purpose of this project is to provide a structured form in which researchers or analysts can describe their once developed detection methods and make them shareable with others.
Sigma is for log files what Snort is for network traffic and YARA is for files.3
- If you solved one of the other four file access challenges, you already know where the SIEM signature file is located
- Simply reuse the trick that already worked for the files above
Wherever you go, there you are
This challenge is undoubtedly the one with the most ominous description. It is actually a quote from the computer game Diablo, which is shown on screen when the player activates a Holy Shrine. The shrine casts the spell Phasing on the player, which results in teleportation to a random location.
By now you probably made the connection: This challenge is about redirecting to a different location.
- You can find several places where redirects happen in the OWASP Juice Shop
- The application will only allow you to redirect to whitelisted URLs
- Tampering with the redirect mechanism might give you some valuable information about how it works under to hood
White list validation involves defining exactly what is authorized, and by definition, everything else is not authorized.4