Security Misconfiguration

Challenges covered in this chapter

Name Description Difficulty
Cross-Site Imaging Stick cute cross-domain kittens all over our delivery boxes. ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐
Deprecated Interface Use a deprecated B2B interface that was not properly shut down. ⭐⭐
Error Handling Provoke an error that is neither very gracefully nor consistently handled.
Login Support Team Log in with the support team's original user credentials without applying SQL Injection or any other bypass. ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐

Stick cute cross-domain kittens all over our delivery boxes

The Juice Shop offers a Deluxe Membership that comes with reduced delivery fees and other perks. On the page advertising it, a heap of delivery boxes can be seen - all with the Juice Shop logo on them.

Vanilla Deluxe Membership page

  • Loading this page with an empty browser cache and on a slow (or throttled) connection will give you an idea on what the delivery box image is made of. Of course inspecting the page source will tell you just as much.
  • You need to dive deep into the actual Angular code to understand this one.
  • This challenge requires the exploitation of another vulnerability which even has its own two challenges in its very own category
  • This challenge can only be solved by strictly using the mentioned "cross-domain kittens". No other kittens from anywhere else can solve this challenge.

Use a deprecated B2B interface that was not properly shut down

The Juice Shop represents a classic Business-to-Consumer (B2C) application, but it also has some enterprise customers for which it would be inconvenient to order large quantities of juice through the webshop UI. For those customers there is a dedicated B2B interface.

  • The old B2B interface was replaced with a more modern version recently.
  • When deprecating the old interface, not all of its parts were cleanly removed from the code base.
  • Simply using the deprecated interface suffices to solve this challenge. No attack or exploit is necessary.

Provoke an error that is neither very gracefully nor consistently handled

The OWASP Juice Shop is quite forgiving when it comes to bad input, broken requests or other failure situations. It is just not very sophisticated at handling errors properly. You can harvest a lot of interesting information from error messages that contain too much information. Sometimes you will even see error messages that should not be visible at all.

Applications can unintentionally leak information about their configuration, internal workings, or violate privacy through a variety of application problems. Applications can also leak internal state via how long they take to process certain operations or via different responses to differing inputs, such as displaying the same error text with different error numbers. Web applications will often leak information about their internal state through detailed or debug error messages. Often, this information can be leveraged to launch or even automate more powerful attacks.1

  • This challenge actually triggers from various possible error conditions.
  • You can try to submit bad input to forms to provoke an improper error handling
  • Tampering with URL paths or parameters might also trigger an unforeseen error

If you see the success notification for this challenge but no error message on screen, the error was probably logged on the JavaScript console of the browser. You were supposed to have it open all the time anyway, remember?

Log in with the support team's original user credentials

This is another follow-the-breadcrumbs challenge of the tougher sort. As a little background story, imagine that the OWASP Juice Shop was developed in the classic style: The development team wrote the code and then threw it over the fence to an operations and support team to run and troubleshoot the application. Not the slightest sign of DevOps culture here.

  • The support team is located in some low-cost country and the team structure fluctuates a lot due to people leaving for jobs with even just slightly better wages.
  • To prevent abuse the password for the support team account is very strong.
  • To allow easy access during an incident, the support team utilizes a 3rd party tool which every support engineer can access to get the current account password from.
  • While it is also possible to use SQL Injection to log in as the support team, this will not solve the challenge.
1. https://www.owasp.org/index.php/Top_10_2007-Information_Leakage

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